Neighborhood watches are popular tools used in the fight against crime in individual communities. Though most areas rely heavily on a police force and emergency response team to address crimes in a given neighborhood, many types of crime can be effectively prevented when communities opt to engage in a neighborhood watch program. There are many elements involved in the creation and maintenance of a successful neighborhood watch team, some of which can be aided through actions such as registering a group with local or national governmental agencies, and others which must be learned and adopted by groups themselves. An essential part of a well-functioning neighborhood watch program is a band of members who understand how to be effectively observant. Throughout daily life, people often ignore suspicious behavior and fail to make a note of important details that may be crucial in identifying people or objects later on, and this can be detrimental to the efforts of a watch. When watch members make an effort to remain engaged in observing local activities and appropriately responding to unexpected or suspicious happenings, they can better contribute to the prevention of criminal acts within their communities.
Though some criminals may be especially adept at acting so as not to cause suspicion, a great number and variety of crimes can be predicted based on the behavior of people around or on the scene. Of course, people may seem to act strangely for a number of reasons, many of which are perfectly legitimate, but people should be able to reason their way around the observed behavior of someone acting oddly. If suspicious behavior is observed and cannot be explained, neighborhood watch members may wish to take special notice. Such types of behavior may occur in residential neighborhoods, where it may indicate a planned robbery or break-in, but people may also notice bizarre behavior when out and about the town, such as at stores, in parking lots, or in community parks. No matter where the suspicious behavior occurs, it’s a wise idea to think carefully about the behavior itself to examine whether the incident is truly cause for concern.
When people suspect that something foul may be afoot, or are unable to judge the potential danger of a situation in which suspicious behavior is exhibited, making good notes and providing a quick and appropriate report are key. Witnesses to crimes and to actions that may indicate a crime is soon to be committed often fail to take note of potentially important factors such as the specific appearance of a person, the precise time of day, the items a person is wearing, and nearby events and actions that may help identify a perpetrator or place them at the scene. As a result, it’s a good idea for those intent on becoming reliable neighborhood watch observers to make a special effort to note down what they see when they suspect something dangerous may occur. Whether using a personal mobile device to snap a photo or record voice notes or jotting down key ideas and facts on a piece of paper, taking special note of important information can go a long way towards making any neighborhood watch member’s efforts more effective. Just as important as the act of recording precise notes is the process of reporting to a watch leader, police official or other authority. Neighborhood watch members should know under what circumstances they should report suspicious activity, and to whom. Completing this task in a timely manner is especially important to ensure that potential crimes are not allowed to be carried out in the meantime.
Some of the most common targets for crimes are homes that appear to be unoccupied, which can put property at special danger when people venture out of town on vacation or for other purposes. People who wish to be of special assistance to their friends and neighbors can offer effective help by committing to keeping an eye on the homes of those who are away. Whether in the form of house-sitting, occasionally stopping by to check on a residence, or keeping a clear line of sight between one’s home and that of a neighbor, people can offer their skills as observers to catch any potential crimes on vacant properties as quickly as possible. Offering to use neighbors’ trash receptacles, turn on lights, or park cars nearby can also help deter criminals in search of an easy, vacated target home.
A neighborhood watch can be an effective tool in the fight against crime, but in order for it to work well and truly be of benefit to a community, its members must have a clear idea of how to become a useful part of their watch group.